New e-filing requirements for Forms W-2
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New e-filing requirements for W-2 and 1099s

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Tax pros should take note of important new e-filing requirements for Form W-2.

Regulations Section 301.6011-2 was amended by Treasury Decision 9972, published Feb. 23, 2023, which lowers the threshold to 10 for which employers must file certain information returns electronically, including Forms W-2, W-2AS, W-2GU, W-2VI, and Form 499R-2/W-2PR (collectively Forms W-2), but not Form W-2CM.

To determine whether they must file information returns electronically, employers must add together the number of information returns (see the list below) and the number of Forms W-2 they must file in a calendar year. If the total is at least 10 returns, they must file them all electronically. The new threshold is effective for information returns required to be filed in calendar years beginning with 2024. The new rules apply to tax year 2023 Forms W-2 because they are required to be filed by Jan. 31, 2024.

The following information return forms must be added together for this purpose: Form 1042-S, the Form 1094 series, Form 1095-B, Form 1095-C, Form 1097-BTC, Form 1098, Form 1098-C, Form 1098-E, Form 1098-Q, Form 1098-T, the Form 1099 series, Form 3921, Form 3922, the Form 5498 series, Form 8027, and Form W-2G.

Corrected information returns are treated separately and are not included in calculating the number of information returns described above. Go to About Form W-2c for more details about the rules for correction Forms W-2c.

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