January 2023 tax and compliance deadlines
January 2023 tax and compliance deadlines Vertical

January 2024 tax and compliance deadlines

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Happy New Year! Welcome to the first in a monthly series of important tax and compliance deadlines; first up are the deadlines for January 2024. Be sure to share this list with your clients.

In January, it is recommended that you:

  • Send tax preparation packets and tax data organizers to individual clients.
  • Alert individual clients to the option of filing the 2023 return by Jan. 31 in lieu of making final 2023 estimated tax payment.
  • Remind business clients of information reporting requirements.

Key Compliance Dates:

Thursday, Jan. 4—Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on December 27-29.

Friday, Jan. 5:

  • Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on December 30-31.
  • Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on Jan. 1-2.

Wednesday, Jan. 10:

  • Tipped employees who received $20 or more in tips during December report them to their employers on Form 4070, Employee’s Report of Tips to Employer.
  • Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on Jan. 3-5.

Friday, Jan. 12—Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on Jan. 6-9.

Monday, Jan. 15:

  • Monthly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax for December.
  • Individuals pay final installment of 2023 estimated tax.
  • Individuals. Make a payment of your estimated tax for 2023 if you didn’t pay your income tax for the year through withholding (or didn’t pay in enough tax that way). Use Form 1040-ES. This is the final installment date for 2023 estimated tax payments. However, you don’t have to make this payment if you file your 2023 return (Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR) and pay all tax due by Jan. 31, 2024.
  • Farmers and fishermen. Pay your estimated tax for 2023 using Form 1040-ES. You have until April 15 to file your 2023 income tax return (Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR). If you don’t pay your estimated tax by Jan. 15, you must file your 2023 return and pay all tax due by March 1, 2024 to avoid an estimated tax penalty.
  • Social Security, Medicare, and withheld income tax. If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments made in December 2023.

Wednesday, Jan. 17—Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on Jan. 10-12.

Friday, Jan. 19—Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on Jan. 13-16.

Wednesday, Jan. 24—Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on Jan. 17-19.

Friday, Jan. 26—Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on Jan. 20-23.

Wednesday, Jan. 31:

  • Employers file Form 941, Employer’s Quarterly Federal Tax Return, for the fourth quarter of 2023 (if tax deposited in full and on time, file by Feb. 9. Qualifying small employers file annual Form 944, Employer’s Annual Federal Tax Return, for 2023 (in lieu of quarterly Form 941s).
  • Employers file Form 940, Employer’s Annual Federal Unemployment (FUTA) Tax Return, for 2023 (if tax was deposited in full and on time, file by Feb. 13).
  • Furnish copies of Form W-2 for 2023 to employees and file Copy A with the Social Security Administration.
  • Furnish Form 1099-NEC information returns for 2023 to payees of nonemployee compensation and file returns with the IRS.
  • File Form 945, Annual Return of Withheld Federal Income Tax, for 2023 to report income tax withheld on non-payroll items.
  • All employers. Give your employees their copies of Form W-2 for 2022. If an employee agreed to receive Form W-2 electronically, have it posted on a website and notify the employee of the posting.
  • Payers of nonemployee compensation. File Form 1099-NEC for nonemployee compensation paid in 2023.
  • All businesses. Give annual information statements to recipients of certain payments you made during 2023.
  • Social Security, Medicare, and withheld income tax. File Form 941 for the fourth quarter of 2023.
  • Individuals who must make estimated tax payments. If you didn’t pay your last installment of estimated tax by Jan. 15, you may choose (but aren’t required) to file your income tax return (Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR) for 2023 by Jan. 31. Filing your return and paying all tax due by Jan. 31 prevents any penalty for late payment of the last installment. If you can’t file and pay your tax by Jan. 31, file and pay your tax by April 15.

CAUTION! All businesses. Give annual information statements to recipients of certain payments you made during 2023. You can use the appropriate version of Form 1099 or other information return. Form 1099 can be issued electronically with the consent of the recipient. Payments that may be covered include the following:

  • Cash payments for fish (or other aquatic life) purchased from anyone engaged in the trade or business of catching fish.
  • Compensation for workers who aren’t considered employees (including fishing boat proceeds to crew members).
  • Dividends and other corporate distributions.
  • Interest.
  • Rent.
  • Royalties.
  • Payments of Indian gaming profits to tribal members.
  • Profit-sharing distributions.
  • Retirement plan distributions.
  • Original issue discount.
  • Prizes and awards.
  • Medical and health care payments.
  • Debt cancellation (treated as payment to debtor).
  • Cash payments over $10,000. See Form 8300, Report of Cash Payments over $10,000 Received in a Trade or Business, instructions. See the General Instructions for Certain Information Returns for information on what payments are covered, how much the payment must be before a statement is required, which form to use, when to file, and extensions of time to provide statements to the IRS. Form 1099-B, Proceeds From Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions; Form 1099-S, Proceeds From Real Estate Transactions; and certain reporting on Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Information, are due to recipients by Feb. 15.
  • Payers of nonemployee compensation. File Form 1099-NEC for nonemployee compensation paid in 2023.
  • Semiweekly depositors deposit FICA and withheld income tax on wages paid on Jan. 24-26.

Intuit Accountants Resources

Intuit Accountants Team

The Intuit® Accountants team provides ProConnect™ Tax, Lacerte® Tax, ProSeries® Tax, and add-on software and services to enable workflow for its customers. Visit us at https://proconnect.intuit.com, or follow us on Twitter @IntuitAccts. More from Intuit Accountants Team

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